Filmmaking is an incredibly collaborative art form. It is only achieved through the collaborative efforts of various departments. While all departments are crucial to the success of a film, in this article we will be covering the camera department. What roles are in a camera department? What responsibilities does each position entail? What is the hierarchy of the camera crew on set? We’ll cover all of this and more.
FILM CAMERA POSITIONS GUIDE
Director of Photography
The director of photography, also referred to as cinematographer, is the head honcho of the crew throughout production. They work closely with the director to determine the style and visual look of the film. The DP oversees multiple departments including grip, electric (gaffer), and camera.
The director of photography then communicates the vision to the rest of the camera department. All other roles in the camera crew fall under the director of photography.
CREW ON CAMERA BREAKDOWN
The camera operator is the person who literally operates the camera. They are the person looking through the viewfinder and hitting the record button.
Sometimes, the director of photography will also be the camera operator. But most DPs assign the role to another person. Some films are shot with multiple cameras in which there will be multiple camera operators.
Here are some of the most experienced and skilled camera operators in the business talking about the role and importance of the camera operator.
While the camera operator is the camera crew role that physically holds and maneuvers the camera, they often need the help of the first assistant camera to pull focus.
FILM CAMERA POSITIONS GUIDE
First Assistant Camera
The first assistant camera, also referred to as 1st AC, has multiple responsibilities. During a take, the 1st AC is typically responsible for pulling focus — adjusting the camera’s focus during a take. Because of this, they are also know as the focus puller.
This job is incredibly important and 1st ACs are often evaluated on their accuracy and consistency with pulling focus. Here is a video by the Slanted Lens that talks about the responsibilities of a 1st AC and some tips on how to be a good one on set.
As mentioned in the video, focus is the primary role of the 1st AC, but not the only. The first assistant camera is also responsible for retrieving lenses for lens changes, building the camera at the start of the day, and breaking down and properly storing the camera at the end of a day.
CAMERA CREW ROLES
Second Assistant Camera
Right under the first assistant camera is, you guessed it, the second assistant camera. The 2nd AC is responsible for the slate for every take of a shoot. Slates can seem complicated as they have a bunch of numbers and letters that need to be updated shot to shot.
Here are a few tips from Film Riot regarding how a 2nd AC should run a slate as well as a few other 2nd AC responsibilities.